This article is about criticisms which are made against the Bible as a source of information or ethical guidance. Criticism of the Bible is not the same thing as Biblical criticism which is the academic treatment of the Bible as a historical document. It is also not the same as Criticism of Christianity or Criticism of Judaism, which are criticisms of entire religions.
In modern times, the view that the Bible should be accepted as historically accurate and as a reliable guide to morality has been questioned by many mainstream academics[specify] in the field of Biblical criticism. The majority of Christian groups claim Biblical inerrancy, and frequently oppose interpretations of the Bible that are not traditional or “plain reading”. Some of the most conservative Christian circles believe the King James translation of the Scriptures is the only accurate English translation of the Bible, and accept it as infallible. Christian Fundamentalism—as well as much of Orthodox Judaism—strongly support the idea that the Bible is a historically accurate record of actual events and a primary source of moral guidance. In the book The Christian Delusion, John W. Loftus says “My contention is that there is not a single statement in the Bible that reveals a divine mind behind the human authors. Everything in it can be more credibly explained by the hypothesis that it’s just the musings of an ancient, superstitious, barbaric people- period”
In addition to concerns about morality, inerrancy, or historicity, there remain some questions of which books should be included in the Bible (see canon of scripture). Jews discount the New Testament and most of Judeao-Christianity discredit the legitimacy of the New Testament apocrypha.